As part of their planning process, forestry companies account for how disturbances to the forest can impact water quality and quantity.
In their plans, companies must account for all of the water ecosystems in the area they plan to work in. Based on the wealth of scientific data gathered by universities, research institutes and the companies themselves, they plan their harvests so that water quality and quantity standards are maintained. This involves measures like establishing buffer zones around water ecosystems so the forest’s ability to retain and filter water isn’t compromised.
Standards for water quality and quantity are set out in advance. Both during and after the harvest, companies monitor the site closely to make sure those standards are met.